Glossary

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Glossary

term definition
Tilling

This is the name used locally to refer to deep ploughing. // Tilling the rice fields is a farming technique that consists of beating the surface of the fields with a tractor with iron wheels to aerate them and add to the soil the stalks and stubble left over from the harvest after reaping with harvesters. When tilling is done, large numbers of larvae, worms and other animals in the soil are exposed, which attracts many bird species such as gulls, herons, shorebirds and terns, which crowd around the muddy tractors to feed as they beat the surface of the waterlogged rice fields. // Tilling, which follows the crushing of the stalks, is one sustainable alternative to stalk burning.

Phytoplankton

Plankton composed predominantly of algae and other plant organisms. // Seawater or freshwater plankton composed predominantly of plant organisms such as certain types of microscopic algae: A set of aquatic plankton organisms that are capable of performing photosynthesis and live by drifting in water. The name comes from the Greek terms, φύτον (phyton, "plant") and πλαγκτος ("plánktos", "wanderer" or "drifter").